Bromelain is not actually a single substance, but rather a collection of protein-digesting enzymes (also called proteolytic enzymes ) found in pineapple juice and in the stem of pineapple plants. It is primarily produced in Japan, Hawaii, and Taiwan, and much of the original research was performed in the first two of those locations. Subsequently, European researchers developed an interest, and, by 1995, bromelain had become the thirteenth most common individual herbal product sold in Germany.
What Is Bromelain Used for Today?
Bromelain is widely available in groceries as a meat tenderizer.
What Is the Scientific Evidence for Bromelain?
See also Proteolytic Enzymes for a discussion of combination products that often contain bromelain.
Injury and Surgery
The evidence for bromelain as a treatment for injuries and surgeries is mixed.
Recommended dosages of bromelain vary with the form used. Due to the wide variation, we suggest following label instructions.
However, because bromelain "thins" the blood to some extent, it shouldn't be combined with drugs such as warfarin (Coumadin) without a doctor's supervision.
Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with liver or kidney disease has not been established.
Interactions You Should Know About
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -