- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Candidal Yeast Infection
- Vaginal Yeast Infection
- Yeast Infection Vaginal
There are three main causes of vaginal infections: the fungus (yeast) Candida albicans , the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis , and the bacterial organism Gardnerella vaginalis .
Factors that can contribute to vaginal infections include antibiotics (which kill friendly bacteria, allowing yeast to grow), corticosteroids and HIV (which suppress the immune system), oral contraceptives and pregnancy (which alter the vaginal environment by changing hormone levels), and diabetes (increased sugar levels provide a friendly environment for yeast).
Conventional medical treatment for vaginal infections caused by candida include vaginal suppositories containing antifungal medications or, in some cases, oral antifungal medications. Women with diabetes often find that yeast infections are less common when their blood sugar levels are well controlled.
Trichomonas infections are treated with oral metronidazole, and gardnerella infections with oral or vaginal metronidazole or vaginal clindamycin. So-called nonspecific vaginitis is usually caused by gardnerella , but there are other causes.
Proposed Natural Treatments
There are some promising natural treatments for vaginal infections caused by candida and other organisms, but the scientific evidence for them is not yet strong.
ProbioticsLactobacillus by Gardnerella vaginalis Lactobacillus rhamnosus Streptococcus thermophilus
Tea tree oilMelaleuca alternifolia Lactobacillusopentrichomonal vaginitisWhy Does This Database Rely on Double-blind Studies?
single-blindcandida vaginitis Solanum nigrescens
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -