|The Kidney and its Main Blood Vessels|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Atherosclerosis—Fatty plaque builds up in the arteries and blocks blood flow to the kidneys. This occurs mainly in men over 50 years old.
- Fibromuscular dysplasia—An inherited disorder where muscle and fibrous tissue of the renal artery wall thicken and harden into rings that block blood flow to the kidneys. This occurs mainly in young women in their 30s.
- Fluid retention
- Shortness of breath
- Ankle swelling
- Repeat blood pressure measurements
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- X-rays with contrasting dye
- Renal ultrasound
- Radioisotope imaging
- CT or MRI scans with or without injected contrast agents
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca
Balk E, Raman G, Chung M, et al. Effectiveness of management strategies for renal artery stenosis: A systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(12):901-912.
Krumme B, Donauer J. Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and reconstruction. Kidney Int. 2006;70(9):1543-1547.
Renal artery stenosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 14, 2013. Accessed July 16, 2013.
Zeller T. Renal artery stenosis: Epidemiology, clinical manifestation, and percutaneous endovascular therapy. J Interv Cardiol. 2005;18(6):497-506.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/28/2014 -