|Female Bladder and Urethra|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Procedure
- Reactions to anesthesia
- Inability to urinate
- Continued incontinence or recurrence of the problem
- Damage to other nearby organs or blood vessels
- Erosion of the mesh material used during the procedure
- Pain (such as, during sexual intercourse)
- Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Medical history—information about medicines, illnesses, number of pregnancies, and previous surgeries; pattern of leaking and how it is affecting your life
- Urine sample—to look for the presence of infection or other problems
- Physical exam—includes a rectal and vaginal exam
Additional testing may be ordered to evaluate bladder function and urine flow, such as:
- Urodynamic testing (urine flow studies)—a temporary catheter is placed to study bladder function
- Cystoscopy —a procedure done to view the inside of the bladder
Talk to your doctor about your medicines. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs
- Blood thinners, such as warfarin (Coumadin)
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Arrange for a ride home from the hospital.
- Do not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before.
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision sites
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Severe nausea or vomiting
- Trouble urinating
- Pain, burning, urgency, or frequency while urinating
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
Canadian Continence Foundation http://www.canadiancontinence.ca
Canadian Urological Association http://www.cua.org
The surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. The American Urological Association website. Available at: http://www.auanet.org/content/media/stress2009-chapter1.pdf. Published 1997. Accessed October 20, 2009.
Surgical management of urinary incontinence. American Urological Association website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=33. Updated 2003. Accessed October 20, 2009.
Surgical mesh. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm142636.htm. Updated October 8, 2009. Accessed October 20, 2009.
Surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. National Association for Continence website. Available at: http://www.nafc.org/bladder-bowel-health/types-of-incontinence/stress-incontinence/surgical-treatment-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence. Updated July 2009. Accessed October 20, 2009.
Treatment and prevention. The American Urogynecologic Society website. Available at: http://www.mypelvichealth.org/TreatmentPrevention/BladderControlProblems/TreatmentOptions/Surgery/tabid/120/Default.aspx. Accessed October 20, 2009.
Townsend MK, Danforth KN, et al. Physical activity and incident urinary incontinence in middle-aged women. J Urol. 2008;179:1012-1016; discussion 1016-1017.
Urinary incontinence. American Academy of Family Physicians. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/gen-health/189.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed November 19, 2010.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/28/2014 -