|The Nervous System|
|© 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Pain, tingling, or itching at the site of the bite wound or other site of viral entry
- Stiff muscles
- Increased production of thick saliva
- Flu-like symptoms, such as headache, fever, fatigue, nausea
- Painful spasms and contractions of the throat when exposed to water
- Erratic, excited, or bizarre behavior
- Erratic behavior, often overly aggressive or vicious
- Disorientation (for example, nocturnal animal such as a bat or fox appearing in daylight)
- Animal's species
- Where the encounter took place
- Wash the wound immediately with plenty of soap and water. It is the most important first step you can take in preventing rabies.
- Call your doctor or seek care in an emergency room.
Human Rabies Immune Globulin (HRIG)
- Human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV)
- Purified chick embryo cell vaccine (PCECV)
- Vaccinate house pets.
- Avoid contact with wild animals.
- Do not touch any wild animal. Avoid it even if it appears to be dead.
- Seal basement, porch, and attic openings. This will prevent an animal from entering your home.
- Report any animal to your local animal control if it is acting strange or appears sick.
- If you often come in contact with potentially rabid animals, get the rabies vaccine before exposure. Booster doses are often needed.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Public Safety Canada http://www.safecanada.ca
Rabies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/rabies. March 15, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Rabies. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
3/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies. . 2010;59(2):1.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -