|Female Reproductive Organs|
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- Current or previous sexually-transmitted disease (STD)
- Multiple sex partners
- Sexual intercourse with a partner who has an STD
- Intercourse without the protection of a condom
- Having an intrauterine device (IUD) recently insterted for birth control
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Vaginal discharge with a foul odor
- Nausea or vomiting
- Painful intercourse
- Painful urination
- Vaginal bleeding
- Cultures of the cervix to test for STD organisms
- Blood tests to check pregnancy status, and signs of infection
- Laparoscopy —insertion of a thin, lighted telescopic tube through a small incision in the abdomen to look at the reproductive organs
- Use a latex condom each time you have sexual intercourse.
- Discuss birth control options with your doctor. Ask which methods may decrease your risk of PID.
- Seek immediate treatment for symptoms, such as unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding.
- Limit the number of sexual partners.
- Have regular screening tests for STDs.
- Do not have sexual intercourse until after the treatment is complete, symptoms have resolved, and your sexual partner has been treated.
- Notify all sexual partners. They will also need to be treated.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/STDFact-PID.htm . Updated September 28, 2013. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Pelvic inflammatory disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 20, 2013. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Pelvic inflammatory disease. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/pelvicinflammatorydisease/Pages/default.aspx . Updated November 29, 2011. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR . 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013 -
- Update Date: 07/25/2013 -