(Infectious Mononucleosis; Mono)
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- Contracting EBV after age 10
- Lowered immune resistance due to other illness, stress, or fatigue
- Living in close quarters with a large number of people, such as in a college dormitory
- High fever
- Severe sore throat/swollen tonsils
- Swelling of the lymph nodes
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle aches
- Abdominal swelling
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes— jaundice
- Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen
- Gargling with warm, salty water
- Steroids to reduce inflammation in the throat
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Avoiding intimate contact, especially kissing, with anyone who has active mononucleosis
- Eating a healthful diet
- Avoiding excess stress
- Getting enough rest
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Balfour HH Jr, Hokanson KM, et al. A virologic pilot study of valacyclovir in infectious mononucleosis. J Clin Virol. 2007;39:16-21.
Epstein-Barr virus-associated mononucleosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 11, 2015. Accessed June 9, 2015.
Luzuriaga K, Sullivan JL. Infectious mononucleosis. N Engl J Med. 2010 May 27;362(21):1993-2000.
Mononucleosis. Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/mononucleosis.html. Updated March 2014. Accessed June 9, 2015.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -