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- Recurrent fevers—as high as 106° F (41.1° C)
- Chills and sweats
- Muscles aches
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Yellow coloring of the eyes and skin— jaundice
- Dark or discolored urine
- Specific type of parasite
- Severity and stage of infection
- Area of the world you may have contracted malaria. Certain areas have types of malaria that are resistant to certain drugs.
- Visit with a travel clinic or your doctor before your trip. Review what preventive medications you may need.
- If required, take antimalarial medication before, during, and after travel. Follow your doctor's instructions.
- Use DEET insect repellent when outside. A higher percentage of DEET will protect your for a longer period of time.
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
- Do not rely on electronic mosquito repellents. These devices do not prevent mosquito bites.
- Wear clothing that covers as much skin as possible.
- Avoid being outdoors from dusk to dawn. This is when mosquitoes are most active.
- Stay in air-conditioned or screened rooms when possible.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
World Health Organization http://www.who.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Malaria: topic home. Center for Disease Control website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/Malaria. Updated May 6, 2015. Accessed June 2, 2015.
Malaria and travelers. Center for Disease Control website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/travelers/index.html. Updated February 3, 2015. Accessed June 2, 2015.
Malaria. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 12, 2015. Accessed June 2, 2015.
8/31/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Enayati A, Hemingway J, et al. Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD005434.
8/20/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Purssell E, While AE. Does the use of antipyretics in children who have acute infections prolong febrile illness? A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pediatr. 2013 May 7.
10/1/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013 Aug 22; 369(8):745-753.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/19/2014 -