(NSCLC; Non-small Cell Lung Cancer; Non-small Cell Bronchogenic Carcinoma; Small Cell Lung Cancer)
- Non-small cell lung cancer—generally grows and spreads more slowly (more common form)
- Small cell lung cancer—generally grows more quickly and is more likely to spread to other parts of the body
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- First- or second-hand smoke from cigarettes, cigars, or pipes
- Exposure to asbestos (a type of mineral) or radon (radioactive gas)
- Using chewing tobacco
- Being exposed to second-hand smoke
- Being exposed to asbestos or radon
- Having a lung disease, such as tuberculosis
- Having a family or personal history of lung cancer
- Being exposed to certain air pollutants
- Being exposed to coal dust
- Radiation therapy that was used to treat other cancers
- HIV infection
- Smoking history
- Substances that you have been exposed to
- Family history of cancer
- Sputum cytology—a test that examines of a sample of mucus from the lungs
- Biopsy—removal of a sample of lung tissue to be examined under a microscope
- Segmental or wedge resection—removal of only a small part of the lung
- Lobectomy —removal of an entire lobe of the lung
- Pneumonectomy—removal of an entire lung
- Photodynamic therapy (PDT)—A type of laser therapy. A chemical is injected into the bloodstream. It is then absorbed by the cells of the body. The chemical rapidly leaves normal cells. It will remain in cancer cells for a longer time. A laser aimed at the cancer activates the chemical. This chemical then kills the cancer cells that have absorbed it. This treatment may also be used to reduce symptoms.
- Cryosurgery—A treatment that freezes and destroys cancer tissue.
- Targeted therapy—involves using medications or substances to target certain molecules in the cancer cells
- Immunotherapy—involves using medications or substances made by the body to increase or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer
- Do not start smoking. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to successfully quit.
- Avoid places where people are smoking.
- Test your home for radon gases and asbestos. Have these substances removed if they are in the home.
- Try to avoid or limit occupational exposures, such as working with asbestos.
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
The Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
Cancer immunotherapy. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003013-pdf.pdf. Accessed August 15, 2014.
General information about non-small cell lung cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/non-small-cell-lung-treatment-pdq. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed August 15, 2014..
Lung cancer (non-small cell) American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003115-pdf.pdf. Updated August 15, 2014.
Lung cancer CT screening: is it right for me? American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/lung-cancer-screening-guidelines/lung-cancer-screening-for-patients.pdf. Accessed August 15, 2014.
Munden RF, Swisher SS, Stevens CW, Stewart DJ. Imaging of the patient with non-small cell lung cancer. Radiology. 2005;237(3):803.
Non-small cell lung cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed August 15, 2014.
Targeted cancer therapies. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types/targeted-therapies/targeted-therapies-fact-sheet. Updated April 25, 2014. Accessed August 15, 2014.
11/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: National Cancer Institute.National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) initial results: Fast facts. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/news-events/press-releases/2011/NLSTFastFacts. Accessed August 15, 2014.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -