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- Current or recent viral infection, especially a respiratory infection
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Head injury
- Disease of blood vessels
- Autoimmune disease
Side effects of drugs, including:
- Certain antibiotics
- Quinine—may be used for malaria treatment
- A spinning sensation
- Balance problems
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hearing loss
- Involuntary eye movement
- Ringing in the ear
- Maneuvers for evaluating for other causes of lightheadedness
- Hearing tests
- Antiemetics—to control nausea and vomiting
- Vestibular suppressants—to limit vertigo
- Steroids—in limited situations, to help control inflammation
- Antibiotics—to treat a bacterial infection
- Rest by lying still with your eyes closed in a darkened room during acute attacks.
- Avoid movement, especially sudden movement, as much as possible.
- Avoid reading.
- Resume normal activities gradually after the symptoms have cleared.
Vestibular Exercises (Vestibular Rehabilitation)
- Seek prompt treatment for any ear problems or infection.
- Avoid head injury by wearing seat belts and safety helmets.
- Ask your doctor about side effects of any medications you are taking.
- Avoid drinking excess alcohol.
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders http://www.nidcd.nih.gov
Vestibular Disorders Association http://www.vestibular.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy Alberta http://www.healthyalberta.com
Dizziness - differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 16, 2011. Accessed August 14, 2014.
Infections of the inner ear. Vestibular Disorders Association website. Available at: http://vestibular.org/labyrinthitis-and-vestibular-neuritis. Accessed August 14, 2014.
Labyrinthitis. American Association of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/labyrinthitis.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed August 14, 2014.
Labyrinthitis. Johns Hopkins Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology%5Fneurosurgery/specialty%5Fareas/vestibular/conditions/labyrinthitis.html. Accessed August 14, 2014.
12/3/2010 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Hillier S, McDonnell M. Vestibular rehabilitation for unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(10):CD005397.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -