- Classic—usually affects men of Mediterranean descent
- Endemic—usually affects people living in equatorial Africa
- Transplant-related (acquired)—affects people who have received an organ transplant and have a suppressed immune system
- AIDS-related (epidemic)—affects people who have HIV infection
- Having an HIV infection
- Use of medication that suppresses the immune system
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- Topical retinoid gel—Applied directly to the lesion. It shrinks the lesion over the course of 1-2 months.
- Cryosurgery—Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze and kill the abnormal cells. After the area thaws, the dead tissue falls off. More than one freezing may be needed to remove the growth completely.
- Simple excision—A surgical knife is used to cut out the lesion.
- Curettage and electrodesiccation—A curette is an instrument with a sharp, spoon-shaped end. It is used to scoop out the affected area. A small electric current will help to control bleeding. It will also kill any cancer cells remaining around the edge of the wound.
- Electron-beam—Shallow penetration used to treat skin lesions
- Photon—Deeper penetration used to treat mouth or throat lesions
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian AIDS Society http://www.cdnaids.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
AIDS-related cancers. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/AIDS. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Kaposi sarcoma. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003106-pdf.pdf. Updated August 19, 2014. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Kaposi sarcoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 8, 2014. Accessed February 24, 2015.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/24/2013 -