(Yellowing of Skin)
- Excess breakdown of red blood cells, which can occur in:
A blockage in or near the liver that prevents the flow of bile, such as:
- Gallstones or pancreatitis
- A tumor in the liver or bile duct
- Pancreatic cancer
- Birth defects
Liver, Gallbladder, and Bile duct Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
- Liver damage caused by:
- In babies, insufficient amounts of a certain liver enzyme during the first 2 weeks of life
- Inherited metabolic disorders, including Gilbert , Crigler-Nager, and Dubin-Johnson syndromes
- Fever or chills
- Unexplained weight loss
- Drink alcohol in moderation. Moderation is no more than 2 drinks per day for men or 1 drink per day for women.
- Be careful mixing alcohol with over-the-counter and prescription medication, such as acetaminophen.
- Avoid exposure to industrial chemicals.
- Do not use illicit drugs.
- Do not share needles or nasal snorting equipment.
- Practice safe sex.
- To decrease your risk of hepatitis A, get the hepatitis A vaccine.
- To decrease your risk of hepatitis B, get the hepatitis B vaccine.
American Liver Foundation http://www.liverfoundation.org
Gastro—American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Canadian Liver Foundation http://www.liver.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Bilirubin. American Association for Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/bilirubin/tab/glance. Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2013.
Abnormal liver function tests—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 14, 2012. Accessed April 24, 2013.
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 15, 2013. Accessed April 24, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/08/2014 -