( Triglycerides, High; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia)
- Excess triglyceride production in the body, usually related to genetics
- Excess ingestion of triglycerides from food sources
- Kidney problems
- Liver disease
- Increased age
- Sex: male
- A family history of hyperlipidemia
- A diet high in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol
- Postmenopause in women
- Lack of exercise
- Excess alcohol intake
- Certain conditions, including:
- Certain medications, such as birth control pills and isotretinoin, which is used to treat acne
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting—associated with acute pancreatitis
|Blood Vessel with Atherosclerosis|
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- Total cholesterol
- LDL (bad cholesterol)
- HDL (good cholesterol)
- Family history of hyperlipidemia
- Risk factor or disease that may cause hyperlipidemia
- Complication that may result from hyperlipidemia
- Eat a diet low in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol .
- Reduce or eliminate the amount of alcohol you drink.
- Eat more high-fiber foods.
- Have cholesterol tests starting at age 20—or younger if you have risk factors.
- Eat a diet low in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
- Drink alcohol in moderation—two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly. Talk with your doctor first.
- If you have diabetes , control your blood sugar.
- Talk to your doctor about medications you are taking. Some may have side effects that cause high triglyceride levels .
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
Vascular Web http://www.vascularweb.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 20, 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.
Side effects of anti-HIV medications. National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/SideEffectAnitHIVMeds%5Fcbrochure%5Fen.pdf. Published October 2005. Accessed August 27, 2013.
Triglycerides. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Triglycerides%5FUCM%5F306029%5FArticle.jsp. Updated October 26, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2013.
7/22/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Daniels SR, Greer FR; Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood. Pediatrics. 2008;122:198-208.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -