- Methamphetamine (crystal meth, speed)
- Prescription medications that are used improperly, such as opioid pain relievers, amphetamines, sleeping pills, or anti-anxiety drugs
|Chemical Release in Brain|
|Drugs stimulate unnecessary chemical release in the brain. Long-term drug use may change brain function.|
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- Family members with substance abuse problems
- Mental health conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, panic disorder
- Social and peer pressure to use drugs, which may include spending time with other drug users
- Early antisocial behavior, such as breaking the law or repeated lying
- Easy access to drugs
- Poor attachment to your parents or little parental supervision
- Repeated work, school, or home problems due to drug use
- Continued use of drugs even though it means risking physical safety
- Recurring trouble with the law related to drug use, such as driving while under the influence of drugs or stealing to get drugs
- Continuing to use drugs despite drug-related problems in personal relationships
- Craving for the drug
- Inability to stop or limit drug use
- Tolerance—taking greater amounts to feel the same effect
- Withdrawal symptoms that occur when the drug is stopped
- Significant amounts of time trying to acquire drugs and recover from the effects
- Drug use continues even when it causes or worsens physical or mental health problems
- Your history of drug use
- Emotional problems that may have occurred while using drugs
- Problems with work, school, homelife, or the law
- To help you stop using drugs
- To decrease the toxic effects of the drugs being used and to aid in symptoms of drug withdrawal, called detoxification
- To prevent relapse
- Learn about risks related to drug use.
- Do not spend time with people who are abusing drugs.
- Learn ways to handle peer pressure.
- Have a good relationship with your children to help reduce their risk of using drugs.
- Seek therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems.
Cocaine Anonymous http://www.ca.org
Narcotics Anonymous http://www.na.org
National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.nida.nih.gov
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health http://www.camh.ca
Narcotics Anonymous http://www.torontona.org
DrugFacts: Treatment approaches for drug addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction. Updated September 2009. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Drugs, brains, and behavior: The science of addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/science-addiction/drug-abuse-addiction. Updated August 2010. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Opioid abuse or dependence. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated March 27, 2013. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Substance use disorders. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 7, 2013. Accessed March 28, 2013.
2/4/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Schinke SP, Fang L, et al. Computer-delivered, parent-involvement intervention to prevent substance use among adolescent girls. Prev Med. 2009;49;429-435.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/24/2013 -