(CD; Regional Enteritis)
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- Abdominal cramps and pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Weight loss
- Fatigue, weakness
- Mouth sores
- Sores, abscesses in the anal area
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
- Dairy foods due to lactose intolerance
- Highly seasoned foods
- High-fiber foods
- Aminosalicylate medications such as sulfasalazine, mesalamine, and olsalazine
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as prednisone, methylprednisolone, and budesonide
- Immune modifiers such as azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, and methotrexate
- TNF inhibitors such as infliximab, adalimumab, and certolizumab
- Antibiotic medications such as metronidazole, ampicillin, and ciprofloxacin
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada http://www.ccfc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Crohn's disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/crohns/index.aspx. Updated January 10, 2013. Accessed January 6, 2014.
Hou JK, Abraham B, El-Serag H. Dietary intake and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106(4):563-573.
Inflammatory bowel disease. American Gastroenterological Society website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org/patient-center/digestive-conditions/inflammatory-bowel-disease. Accessed January 6, 2014.
What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-crohns-disease/. Accessed January 6, 2014.
10/2/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: FDA approves new drug to treat psoriasis. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm183851.htm. Published September 25, 2009. Accessed January 6, 2014.
11/25/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Khalili H, Ananthakrishnan A, et al. Physical activity and risk of inflammatory bowel disease: prospective study from the Nurses' Health Study cohorts. BMJ 2013;347:f6633.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/06/2014 -