(CD; Regional Enteritis)
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- Abdominal cramps and pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Weight loss
- Fatigue, weakness
- Mouth sores
- Sores, abscesses in the anal area
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
- Upper gastrointestinal series
- Lower gastrointestinal series
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Dairy foods due to lactose intolerance
- Highly seasoned foods
- High-fiber foods
- Aminosalicylate medications, such as sulfasalazine, mesalamine, and olsalazine
- Anti-inflammatory medications, such as prednisone, methylprednisolone, and budesonide
- Immune modifiers, such as azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, and methotrexate
- TNF inhibitors, such as infliximab, adalimumab, and certolizumab
- Antibiotics, such as metronidazole, ampicillin, and ciprofloxacin
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada http://www.ccfc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Crohn's disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/crohns/index.aspx. Updated September 3, 2014. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Hou JK, Abraham B, El-Serag H. Dietary intake and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106(4):563-573.
Inflammatory bowel disease. American Gastroenterological Society website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org/patient-center/digestive-conditions/inflammatory-bowel-disease. Accessed December 18, 2014.
What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-crohns-disease/. Accessed December 18, 2014.
10/2/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: FDA approves new drug to treat psoriasis. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm183851.htm. Published September 25, 2009. Accessed December 18, 2014.
11/25/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Khalili H, Ananthakrishnan A, et al. Physical activity and risk of inflammatory bowel disease: prospective study from the Nurses' Health Study cohorts. BMJ 2013;347:f6633.
7/6/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Kim DH, Carucci LR, Baker ME, et al. American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria for Crohn disease. Available at: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/CrohnDisease.pdf. Updated 2014. Accessed July 6, 2015.
7/21/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Ungaro R, Bernstein CN, Gearry R, et al. Antibiotics associated with increased risk of new-onset Crohn's disease but not ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014;109(11):1728-1738.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 07/21/2015 -