|The Lungs (Cut-away View)|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Compression or blockage of the airway, such as by a foreign body, tumor, scarring, or mucous plug
- Surpressed breathing or coughing
- Periods of inactivity, especially in those who are obese
- Reduced amount of surfactant, a liquid that keeps the lungs expanded
- Premature birth if lungs are not fully developed
- Restricted chest movement, due to bone or muscle problems, or recent abdominal surgery
- Prolonged bed rest with few changes in position
- Mechanical ventilation
- Lung diseases, such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, or lung cancer
- Weakened respiratory muscles
- Heart failure
- Conditions that limit physical activity, such as a stroke, spinal cord injury, heart problems, trauma, or severe illness
- Rapid breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Taking shallow breaths
- Mild fever
- Rapid heart rate
- Chest pain
- Blueness of the lips or nails
- Breathing masks or treatments to help keep your airways open
- Incentive spirometry to promote deep breathing
- Suction to help remove secretions
- A breathing machine, called a ventilator, if you are unable to breathe adequately on your own
- Medications to open the airways
- Medications or therapy to treat the health condition that caused the collapse
- Antibiotics to treat an infection
- Oxygen, if you are having trouble breathing
- After surgery, follow instructions for deep breathing, coughing, and turning. Ask for pain medication if discomfort is limiting movement or coughing.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
- If you need to, talk to your doctor about the best ways to lose weight.
- If you have a chronic lung or heart condition, follow the treatment plan outlined by your doctor.
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
The Canadian Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Atelectasis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/bronchiectasis-and-atelectasis/atelectasis. Updated July 2013. Accessed November 24, 2015.
What is atelectasis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/atl. Updated January 13, 2012. Accessed November 24, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2015 -
- Update Date: 11/24/2015 -