- Pulling a muscle too far in a direction it does not want to go
- Contracting a muscle hard against resistance
- Contracting a muscle hard when the muscle is not ready
4. Head Injury
General Prevention Tips
- Cardio : Start with a few laps to get your heart rate up.
- Stretching : Focus particularly on the lower body and hips; do not forget to stretch your neck gently.
- Passing : Begin with short-distance passing, then move gradually into longer distance drives.
- Shooting : Work up from lighter, shorter shots on net to harder shots.
- Sprinting : Include a few short distance sprints.
- Wear cleats and shin guards that fit.
- Take precautions when playing in very hot and humid weather.
- Stay hydrated and follow a nutritious diet.
- Avoid overuse injuries. Consider taking at least one season off each year.
- Do not play when you are tired.
- Pay attention to your body. If you feel pain or discomfort, then limit your training time and intensity.
- Talk to your trainer or sports medicine doctor to learn more about other injuries and prevention tips.
American College of Sports Medicine http://www.acsm.org
United States Soccer Federation http://www.ussoccer.com
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Asken MJ, Schwartz RC. Heading the ball in soccer: what's the risk of brain injury? The Physician and Sportsmedicine . 1998;26(11).
Boden BP, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE Jr. Concussion incidence in elite college soccer players. Am J Sports Med. 1998;26(2)238-41.
Metzl JD, Fleischer GR. Sports-specific concerns in the young athlete: soccer. J Pediat Care . 1999 April.
Ouellette J. Is heading safe? American Youth Soccer Organization website. Available at: http://www.ayso.org/resources/safety/is%5Fheading%5Fsafe.aspx. Accessed January 28, 2013.
A report on knee injuries. US Youth Soccer website. Available at: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/news/a%5Freport%5Fon%5Fknee%5Finjuries/. Accessed January 28, 2013.
Soccer and the brain. University of Washington website. Available at: http://faculty.washington.edu/. Accessed January 28, 2013.
Soccer injury prevention. Stop Sports Injuries website. Available at: http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/soccer-injury-prevention.aspx . Accessed January 28, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 01/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/28/2013 -