(Ascites Fluid Tap; Abdominal Tap)
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Reasons for Procedure
- Diseases of organs, such as the liver or kidneys
- Low blood protein
- Leakage of lymphatic fluid
- Makes breathing difficult
- Causes pain
- Accidental piercing of structures in the abdomen
- Alcohol use disorder
- Bleeding disorder
- Poor nutrition
- Full bladder
- Infection in the area where the paracentesis instrument will be inserted
- Cirrhosis of the liver
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Do not eat or drink for 12 hours before the procedure.
- Empty your bladder just before the procedure.
Description of the Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- Rest the day after your procedure.
- Care for the needle insertion site and monitor it for signs of infection.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever, chills and abdominal pain
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or fluid from the paracentesis site
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Cough, shortness of breath, feeling faint, or chest pain
- Swelling of the abdomen
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Ascites. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 13, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Aslam N, Marino CR. Malignant ascites: New concepts in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(22):2733-2737.
Covey AM. Management of malignant pleural effusions and ascites. J Support Oncol. 2005;3(2):169-173.
Smith EM, Jayson GC. The current and future management of malignant ascites. Clin Oncol. 2003;15(2):59-72.
6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/16/2014 -