(Spleen Removal; Removal, Spleen)
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Reasons for Procedure
- Trauma to the spleen
- Splenic rupture due to tumor, infection, inflammatory condition, or medications
- Enlargement of the spleen—splenomegaly
- Certain blood disorders when other treatments are not working, including:
- Some types of leukemia or lymphoma
- Tumor or abscess in the spleen
- Liver disease—cirrhosis
- Abnormal formation of fibrous tissue in the bone marrow
- Damage in the blood vessels of the spleen
- Diseased spleen, due to disorders like HIV infection
- Poor nutrition
- Recent or chronic illness
- Advanced age
- Heart or lung disease
- Bleeding or clotting disorders
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam
- Blood and urine tests
- Review of your current medications
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Other tests to evaluate the cause of the spleen enlargement
- Studies to determine rate of destruction of red blood cells and/or platelets
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
- Increasing pain or swelling in your abdomen
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- New, worsening, or unexplained symptoms
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Institutes of Health http://www.nih.gov
Caring for Kids—Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Cadili A, de Gara C. Complications of splenectomy. Am J Med. 2008;121(5):371-375.
Sabiston DC Jr. Textbook of Surgery. 17th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co.; 2004.
Splenectomy. The Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases%5Fconditions/hic-splenectomy-spleen-removal. Accessed September 19, 2013.
Splenomegaly—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 2, 2011. Accessed September 19, 2013.
10/9/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Renzulli P, Hostettler A, Schoepfer AM, Gloor B, Candinas D. Systematic review of atraumatic splenic rupture. Br J Surg. 2009;96(10):1114-1121.
- Reviewer: Donald Buck, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -