Principal Proposed Uses
What Is the Scientific Evidence for Qigong?
- Asthma 1
- Cancer treatment support 2,23
- Depression 3
- Fibromyalgia 4-5
- Hypertension 6-8,18,20
- Parkinson's disease 9-10
- Enhancing General wellness11-14
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 21,26,28
- Chronic heart disease 27
1 Sancier KM. Therapeutic benefits of qigong exercises in combination with drugs. J Altern Complement Med. 1999;5:383-389.
2 Lee TI, Chen HH, Yeh ML. Effects of chan-chuang qigong on improving symptom and psychological distress in chemotherapy patients. Am J Chin Med. 2006;34:37-46.
3 Tsang HW, Fung KM, Chan AS, et al. Effect of a qigong exercise programme on elderly with depression. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006;21:890-897.
4 Astin JA, Berman BM, Bausell B, et al. The efficacy of mindfulness meditation plus Qigong movement therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. J Rheumatol. 2003;30:2257-2262.
5 Mannerkorpi K, Arndorw M. Efficacy and feasibility of a combination of body awareness therapy and qigong in patients with fibromyalgia: a pilot study. J Rehabil Med. 2005;36:279-281.
6 Cheung BM, Lo JL, Fong DY, et al. Randomised controlled trial of qigong in the treatment of mild essential hypertension. J Hum Hypertens. 2005;19:697-704.
7 Lee MS, Lee MS, Choi ES, et al. Effects of Qigong on blood pressure, blood pressure determinants and ventilatory function in middle-aged patients with essential hypertension. Am J Chin Med. 2003;31:489-497.
8 Sancier KM. Therapeutic benefits of qigong exercises in combination with drugs. J Altern Complement Med. 1999;5:383-9. Mayer M. Qigong and hypertension: a critique of research. J Altern Complement Med. 1999;5:371-382.
9 Schmitz-Hubsch T, Pyfer D, Kielwein K, et al. Qigong exercise for the symptoms of Parkinson's disease: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Mov Disord. 2006;21:543-548.
10 Burini D, Farabollini B, Iacucci S, et al. A randomised controlled cross-over trial of aerobic training versus Qigong in advanced Parkinson's disease. Eura Medicophys. 2006;42:231-238.
11 Lee MS, Kim MK, Ryu H. Qi-training (qigong) enhanced immune functions: what is the underlying mechanism? Int J Neurosci. 2005;115:1099-1104.
12 Hui PN, Wan M, Chan WK, et al. An evaluation of two behavioral rehabilitation programs, qigong versus progressive relaxation, in improving the quality of life in cardiac patients. J Altern Complement Med. 2006;12:373-378.
13 Tsang HW, Mok CK, Au Yeung YT, et al. The effect of Qigong on general and psychosocial health of elderly with chronic physical illnesses: a randomized clinical trial. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2003;18:441-449.
14 Witt C, Becker M, Bandelin K, et al. Qigong for schoolchildren: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11:41-47.
15 Lee MS, Kim MK, Lee YH. Effects of Qi-therapy (external Qigong) on cardiac autonomic tone: a randomized placebo controlled study. Int J Neurosci. 2005;115:1345-50.
16 Jang HS, Lee MS. Effects of qi therapy (external qigong ) on premenstrual syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled study. J Altern Complement Med. 2004;10:456-462.
17 Ng BY. Qigong-induced mental disorders: a review. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1999;33:197-206.
18 Lee MS, Pittler MH, Guo R, et al. Qigong for hypertension: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. J Hypertens. 2007;25:1525-1532.
19 Lansinger B, Larsson E, Persson LC, et al. Qigong and exercise therapy in patients with long-term neck pain: a prospective randomized trial. Spine. 2007;32:2415-2422.
20 Guo X, Zhou B, Nishimura T, et al. Clinical effect of Qigong practice on essential hypertension: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jan 16.
21 Chen KW, Perlman A, Liao JG, et al. Effects of external qigong therapy on osteoarthritis of the knee : A randomized controlled trial. Clin Rheumatol. 2008 Jul 25.
22 Lee MS, Chen KW, Choi TY, et al. Qigong for type 2 diabetes care: a systematic review. Complement Ther Med. 2009;17:236-42.
23 Oh B, Butow P, Mullan B, et al. Impact of medical Qigong on quality of life, fatigue, mood and inflammation in cancer patients: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Oncol. 2010 Mar;21(3):608.
24 Vincent A, Hill J, Kruk KM, Cha SS, Bauer BA. External qigong for chronic pain. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38(4):695-703.
25 Chan AW, Lee A, Suen LK, Tam WW. Tai chi Qigong improves lung functions and activity tolerance in COPD clients: a single blind, randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2011;19(1):3-11.
26 Ng BH, Tsang HW, Jones AY, So CT, Mok TY. Functional and psychosocial effects of health qigong in patients with COPD: a randomized controlled trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(3):243-251.
27 Chan CL, Wang CW, Ho RT, et al. A systematic review of the effectiveness of qigong exercise in cardiac rehabilitation. Am J Chin Med . 2012;40(2):255-267.
28 Ding M, Zhang W, et al. Effectiveness of t'ai chi and qigong on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2014;20(2):79-86.
29 Gross A, Kay TM, Paquin JP, et al. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;1:CD004250.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 09/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/04/2015 -