Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine
(Rubeola Vaccine; MMR Vaccine-Measles)
What Is Measles?
- Fever (often high)
- Runny nose
- Eye irritation
- A unique rash
What Is the Measles Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the two doses must be separated by at least four weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the Measles Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- People who are very sick.
- Women who are planning to become pregnant or those who are pregnant
- People with immune system disorders (eg, AIDS )—If you have HIV and are doing well, you should consider getting the vaccine. Measles can be fatal if you have HIV.
- People being treated with drugs that affect the immune system
- People who have cancer or are being treated for cancer with radiation or drugs
- People with a low platelet count
- People who have received another vaccine within the past four weeks
- People who have had a recent transfusion or who have received other blood products
- Pregnant women—Avoid becoming pregnant for at least one month after getting the vaccine.
- Previous severe allergic reaction to the vaccine or its components
What Other Ways Can Measles Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Immunizations American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org/english/safety-prevention/immunizations/Pages/default.aspx
Vaccines & Immunizations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
Baker CJ, Pickerling LK, Chilton L, et al; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States, 2011. Ann Intern Med . 1 Feb 2011. 154(3):168-173.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years —United States, 2012. MMWR . 2012;61(5). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6105-Immunization.pdf. Accessed December 31, 2012.
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm . Published May 22, 1998. Accessed December 31, 2012.
Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-6 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf . Published December 23, 2011. Accessed December 31, 2012.
1/31/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2008. MMWR . 2008;57;Q1-Q4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5701a8.htm . Updated January 10, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2008.
5/27/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Measles—United States, January—May 20, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011 May 20 early online.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 12/2012 -
- Update Date: 12/31/2012 -