- Gender —The majority of people with SLE are women.
- Age —SLE first occurs most often in the late teens to early 30s.
- Ethnic background —People who are African American, Native American, Asian, or Hispanic are at greater risk than those who are white.
- Family history —Having a relative with SLE increases your chances of developing the disease.
- A history of celiac disease
Handout on health: Systemic lupus erythematosus. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Lupus/default.asp . Updated August 2011. Accessed June 28, 2013.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 13, 2013. Accessed June 28, 2013.
What are the risks for developing lupus? Lupus Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.lupus.org/webmodules/webarticlesnet/templates/new%5Flearnunderstanding.aspx?articleid=2237&zoneid=523 . Accessed June 28, 2013.
11/25/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Ludvigsson JF, Rubio-Tapia A, et al. Increased risk of systemic lupus erythematosus in 29,000 patients with biopsy-verified celiac disease. J Rheumatol. 2012 Oct;39(10):1964-1970.
- Reviewer: Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 11/25/2013 -