- Living or traveling in certain rural parts of Asia—Outbreaks have occurred in China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand. These countries have controlled the disease through vaccinations. Other countries that still have periodic epidemics include Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, India, Nepal, and Malaysia.
- Employment as a lab worker, which may result in exposure to the virus.
- Blood tests to look for antibodies
- Cerebrospinal fluid tests to evaluate the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
- Remain in well-screened areas.
- Wear clothes that cover most of your body.
- Use insect repellents that contain up to 30% NN-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) on skin and clothing.
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
Infectious Disease Society of America http://www.idsociety.org
Traveler's Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://wwwnc.cdc.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Japanese encephalitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis. Accessed November 12, 2012. Accessed November 13, 2014.
Japanese encephalitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2014. Accessed November 13, 2014.
Japanese encephalitis VIS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/je-ixiaro.html. Updated January 24, 2014. Accessed November 13, 2014.
Vaccine is key to preventing outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis. UNICEF website. Available at: http://www.unicef.org/immunization/india%5F28555.html. Accessed November 13, 2014.
10/1/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013;369(8):745-753.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -