Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 1 Diabetes
- Fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables .
- Eat whole grains , lean protein , and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Avoid overeating by monitoring portion sizes.
- Choose low-sodium foods.
- Opt for water instead of sugary drinks.
- Give yourself a larger amount of nonstarchy vegetables. There are many kinds to choose from, such as spinach, carrots, broccoli, cucumbers, mushrooms, or peppers.
- Add a serving of starchy foods. Some examples include: whole grain bread, whole grain rice, cooked beans, peas, corn, and potatoes.
- Add a serving of meat or meat substitute, such as chicken, fish, shrimp, or tofu.
- Drink a glass of fat-free or low-fat milk with your meal.
- For desert, eat a piece of fruit.
Methods of Dietary Planning
- ½ cup of cooked pasta
- 1 slice of bread
- 1 small (3 oz.) baked potato
- 1 ounce of dry cereal
- Lowering blood sugar and improving the body's ability to use glucose—in some cases, regular exercise can decrease the amount of insulin necessary for blood glucose control
- Lowering risk factors for heart disease, a common complication of diabetes
When to Contact Your Doctor
- If you have any questions about your eating plan.
- If you feel that your eating plan is too difficult to follow.
- When you want to start up an exercise program or make significant changes in your present program.
- If you have any symptoms of hypoglycemia after exercising. Symptoms include shakiness, lightheadedness, extreme sweating, hunger, headache, and pale skin color.
Causes of diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/Diabetes/causes-diabetes/Pages/index.aspx. Updated July 31, 2013. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Create your plate. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/create-your-plate. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Diabetes mellitus type 1. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 9, 2013. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1. Accessed September 4, 2013.
3/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Hofer SE, Rosenbauer J, Grulich-Henn J, et al. Smoking and metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr. 2009;154(1):20-23.
- Reviewer: Kim A. Carmichael, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/17/2014 -