Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 1 Diabetes
- Fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables.
- Eat whole grains, lean protein, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Avoid overeating by monitoring portion sizes.
- Choose low-sodium foods.
- Opt for water instead of sugary drinks.
- Give yourself a larger amount of nonstarchy vegetables. There are many kinds to choose from, such as spinach, carrots, broccoli, cucumbers, mushrooms, or peppers.
- Add a serving of starchy foods. Some examples include: whole grain bread, whole grain rice, cooked beans, peas, corn, and potatoes.
- Add a serving of meat or meat substitute, such as chicken, fish, shrimp, or tofu.
- Drink a glass of fat-free or low-fat milk with your meal.
- For desert, eat a piece of fruit.
Methods of Dietary Planning
- ½ cup of cooked pasta
- 1 slice of bread
- 1 small (3 oz.) baked potato
- 1 ounce of dry cereal
- Lowering blood sugar and improving the body's ability to use glucose—in some cases, regular exercise can decrease the amount of insulin necessary for blood glucose control
- Lowering risk factors for heart disease, a common complication of diabetes
When to Contact Your Doctor
- If you have any questions about your eating plan.
- If you feel that your eating plan is too difficult to follow.
- When you want to start up an exercise program or make significant changes in your present program.
- If you have any symptoms of hypoglycemia after exercising. Symptoms include shakiness, lightheadedness, extreme sweating, hunger, headache, and pale skin color.
Causes of diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/causes. Updated July 31, 2013. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Create your plate. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/create-your-plate. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Diabetes basics: Type 1. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1. Accessed September 4, 2013.
Diabetes type 1. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated August 9, 2013. Accessed September 4, 2013.
3/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Hofer SE, Rosenbauer J, et al. Smoking and metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr. 2009;154(1):20-23.e1.
- Reviewer: Kim Carmichael, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -