|Abnormal and excessive electrical activity in the brain.|
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- Conditions like epilepsy
- An injury or trauma to the head
- Infections, including meningitis and abscesses in the brain
- Brain tumor
- Accidental poisoning
Certain medical conditions, including:
- Low blood sugar
- Very high fever—called febrile seizures
- Electrolyte abnormalities
- Congenital diseases or deformities
- Having had a previous seizure
- Having a very high fever
Having health conditions like:
- Brain tumors
- Brain infections
- Having a family history of seizures.
- Staring, or a dazed look
- Jerking movements of the limbs and/or body (convulsions)
- Difficulty breathing
- Eyes rolling back in the head
- Crying or moaning
- Protect from physical injury—Place your child on the floor or bed. Make sure they are not near any hard or sharp objects.
- Protect airway—Do not place anything in your child's mouth during the convulsion. Turn your child’s head to the side. This will allow saliva or vomit to drain from the mouth.
- Watch the time—The length of the convulsions should be less than five minutes.
- Unless the doctor has told you otherwise, call for emergency medical services.
- Lumbar puncture
- Blood tests
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
British Columbia Ministry of Health http://www.bchealthguide.org
Epilepsy Ontario http://www.epilepsyontario.org
Febrile seizure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 24, 2015. Accessed September 15, 2015.
Hogan T. Seizure disorders in childhood. Loyola University Medical Education Network website. Available at: http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedED/pedneuro/epilepsy.htm. Accessed September 15, 2015.
Neonatal seizures. Intensive Care Nursery Staff House Manual. The University of California San Francisco Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/childrens/health%5Fprofessionals/manuals/48%5FSeizures.pdf. Published 2004. Accessed September 15, 2015.
Seizure in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated November 17, 2014. Accessed September 15, 2015.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -