(Acute Nonbacterial Gastroenteritis; Caliciviruses; Food Infection; Norwalk Virus; Norwalk-like Virus; Small Round Structure Viruses [SMRVs]; Stomach Flu; Viral Gastroenteritis)
- Cruise ships
- Nursing homes
|The Digestive Tract|
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- Contaminated water supplies, such as recreational lakes, swimming pools, wells, and water stored on cruise ships
- Raw or improperly steamed shellfish, especially clams and oysters
- Food and drinks prepared by infected food handlers who do not wash their hands properly after using the bathroom
- Surfaces, such as a door knob
- You are exposed to a different type of norovirus
- Your last illness was more than 24 months ago
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle aches
Wash your hands
thoroughly with soap and water:
- After using the bathroom
- After changing diapers
- Before preparing or eating food.
- If you are caring for someone who is infected, make sure the person thoroughly washes his or her hands.
- If you are ill or caring for someone who is ill, immediately clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces using bleach cleaner. Remove and wash soiled linens. Use hot water and soap.
- Wash fruits and vegetables.
- Cook oysters and clams before eating them.
- Do not prepare food if you have symptoms. Wait 3 days after you have recovered before handling food again.
- Throw away contaminated food.
- If you are sick, do not attend work until symptoms have passed.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Norovirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/about/overview.html. Updated July 26, 2013. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Norovirus infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 2, 2014. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Norovirus illness: Key facts: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/downloads/keyfacts.pdf. Published January 2015. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Phillips G, Tam CC, Rodrigues LC, Lopman B. Risk factors for symptomatic and asymptomatic norovirus infection in the community. Epidemiol Infect. 2010 Dec 17:1-11.
Scallan E, Hoekstra RM, Angulo FJ, Tauxe RV, Widdowson MA, Roy SL, Jones JL, Griffin PM. Foodborne illness acquired in the United States-major pathogens. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17(1):7-15.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/20/2013 -