(Skin cancer-Basal Cell)
|Basal Cell Carcinoma|
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- History of radiation therapy
- A personal history of skin cancer
- Childhood sunburns , freckling, or long periods of sun exposure
- Frequent use of tanning beds
- Blonde or red hair
- Blue or green eyes
- Fair skin that rarely tans
- A family history of skin cancer
- Treatment that suppresses the immune system , such as having an organ transplant
- Certain rare genetic disorders, such as Gorlin’s syndrome
- A sore that may crust, bleed, or ooze for 3 weeks without healing
- A raised, red patch that may be itchy
- A shiny bump that can be pearl-like in appearance or, less often, dark in color, much like a mole
- A pink growth with a slightly raised border and dip in the middle
- A patch of skin that seems shiny and tight, much like a scar
- Mohs micrographic surgery—microscopic surgery that offers the best cure rate for basal cell carcinoma
- Removal of the growth with simple surgery
- Plastic surgery to repair any cosmetic problems that occur after treatment
- Electrodesiccation and curettage—treatment to destroy the lesion
- Use of liquid nitrogen to freeze the growth
- Radiation therapy
- Photodynamic therapy—the cells absorb an acid that causes them to die when exposed to light
- Creams, especially fluorouracil or imiquimod
- Avoid spending too much time in the sun.
- Avoid exposing your skin to the sun between 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM standard time, or 11:00 AM to 3:00 PM daylight saving time.
- Protect your skin from the sun with clothing. Wear a shirt, sunglasses, and a hat with a broad brim.
- Use broad-spectrum (UVA and UVB) sunscreens with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more on skin that will be exposed to the sun.
- Use a protective lip balm.
- Wear sunglasses with 99% to 100% UV absorption to protect your eyes.
- Don't use sun lamps or tanning booths.
- Get regular full-body skin exams by a dermatologist. The doctor will check for moles, freckles, and other growths.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
The Skin Cancer Foundation http://www.skincancer.org
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Alberta Provincial Cutaneous Tumour Team. Prevention of skin cancer. Edmonton (Alberta): CancerControl Alberta; 2013 Feb. 27 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. CU-014). Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=48130#Section420. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Basal cell carcinoma. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/skin-conditions/dermatology-a-to-z/basal-cell-carcinoma. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Basal cell carcinoma of the skin. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 18, 2014. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Saraiya M, et al. Preventing skin cancer. MMWR. 2003 Oct 17;52(RR15):1-12. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5215a1.htm. Updated October 2, 2003. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/media-resources/stats-and-facts/prevention-and-care/sunscreens. Accessed February 24, 2015.
Wong C, Strange R, et al. Basal cell carcinoma. BMJ. 2003;327:794-798.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 10/20/2014 -