- Adenomatous polyps—which are precancerous and can become larger over time and may develop into cancer
- Hyperplastic polyps—do not increase in size and only rarely become cancerous
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- Eat a high fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Reduce the amount of animal fat in your diet. This occurs in beef and other meat products, as well as full-fat dairy products.
- Exercise regularly.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- If you smoke, ask your doctor how to quit.
- See your doctor for regular screenings after the age of 50.
- More frequent screenings may be needed if polyps are found.
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons http://www.fascrs.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Colon polyps. American College of Pathologists website. Available at: http://www.cap.org/apps/docs/reference/myBiopsy/colon%5Fadenomatous%5Fpolyps.pdf. Accessed July 12, 2013.
Polyps of the colon and rectum. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/polyps-colon-and-rectum. Accessed July 12, 2013.
What I need to know about colon polyps. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/colon-polyps/Pages/overview.aspx. Updated April 30, 2012. Accessed July 12, 2013.
2/5/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Kim Y, Kim Y, et al. An association between colonic adenoma and abdominal obesity: A cross-sectional study. BMC Gastroenterol. 2009;9:4.
5/11/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Jacobs ET, Ahnen DJ, et al. Association between body mass index and colorectal neoplasia at follow-up colonoscopy: A pooling study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009;169(6):657-666.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Wise LA, Rosenberg L, et al. Anthropometric risk factors for colorectal polyps in African-American women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16(4):859-868.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -