- Over 50 years old
- With a weakened immune system
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- Fever and chills
- Muscle pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Eye inflammation—conjunctivitis
- High fever
- Stiff neck
- Vision loss
- Severe muscle weakness
- What kind of symptoms you are experiencing
- Where you have been living or traveling to
- Whether you have been exposed to mosquitoes
- MRI scan
- Cerebrospinal fluid tests to evaluate the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
- Pain relievers
- Antiemetics to reduce nausea and vomiting
- Breathing support—mechanical ventilation
- Medication to control seizures
- Medication to decrease brain swelling
- Avoid outdoor activities at dawn or dusk.
- Wear long pants and long-sleeve shirts when outdoors.
- Use an insect repellent with DEET.
- Repair screens to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
- Remove standing water to prevent mosquito breeding. Empty items like bird baths and gutters around your house.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Library of Medicine http://www.nlm.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy Alberta http://www.healthyalberta.com
West Nile virus infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 1, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
West Nile virus: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/westnile/index.html. Updated September 12, 2012. Accessed May 21, 2013.
10/1/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013;369(8):745-753.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD
- Review Date: 11/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -