- How does hormonal therapy work?
- What is hormonal therapy used for?
- What are the types of hormonal therapy?
- What adverse effects can occur with hormonal therapy?
- Which cancers is hormonal therapy used to treat?
- Estrogens and antiestrogens
- Androgens and antiandrogens
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues
- Aromatase inhibitors
- Tamoxifen (Nolvadex)—This is most frequently used in combination with other treatments for women with resected breast cancer, meaning that the initial lesion has been removed.
- Toremifene (Fareston)—This is used in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.
- Raloxifene (Evista)—This is currently used to treat osteoporosis , but is being tested in clinical trials for breast cancer.
- Fluoxymesterone (Halotestin)
- Methyltestosterone (Android, Oreton, Testred)
- Flutamide (Eulexin)
- Bicalutamide (Casodex)
- Nilutamide (Nilandron)
- Megestrol (Megace)
- Progesterone acetate (Depo-Provera)
- Goserelin (Zoldadex)
- Leuprolide (Lupron)
- Aminoglutethimide (Cytadren)
- Letrozole (Femara)
- Anastrozole (Arimidex)
- To provide the hormone your thyroid can no longer make, as a result of the surgery
- To suppress any thyroid cancer cells from growing back
Cashen A, Wildes T. The Washington Manual: Hematology and Oncology Subspeciality Consult. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, eds. Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001: 478-488.
Hormone therapy for breast cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/ . Accessed December 9, 2002.
Otto SE. Oncology Nursing. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc; 2001: 676-677.
Raloxifene fact sheet. National Women's Health Information Center website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/ . Accessed on December 9, 2002.
Townsend CM, Beauchamp DR, Evers MB, Mattox KL, Sabiston DC, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co; 2001: 582-589.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 03/15/2015 -