Elevated Blood Pressure Levels
Who Should Get Screened?
- Lose excess weight.
- Increase physical activity to at least 30 minutes most days of the week. First, get your doctor’s approval to make sure you are healthy enough for regular exercise.
- Eat a healthful diet. Include food that is low in fat and cholesterol and rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Reduce your daily salt intake.
- Limit alcohol use. This means no more than two drinks a day for men or one for women.
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure. JAMA. 2003;289(19):2560-2572.
Explore high blood pressure. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp. Updated September 10, 2015. Accessed November 6, 2015.
Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 24, 2015. Accessed November 6, 2015.
James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, et al. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311(5):507-520.
Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP). World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk%5Ffactors/blood%5Fpressure%5Fmean%5Ftext/en. Accessed November 6, 2015.
Prospective Studies Collaboration. Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality: a meta-analysis of individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studies. Lancet. 2002;360(9349):1903-1913.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2015 -
- Update Date: 11/06/2015 -