|Fetus with Amniotic Sac|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- PROM in earlier pregnancies
- Infection in the amniotic sac
- Infections of the vagina, uterus, or membranes surrounding the fetus
- Other infections in mother, such as, chlamydia
- Early dilation or changes in the cervix
- Bleeding during the pregnancy
- Nutritional deficits
- Low body mass index
- Smoking during pregnancy
- Visual exam—the doctor may be able to see a trickle of fluid through the cervix, or a pool of fluid collected behind the cervix
- Nitrazine paper test—the doctor puts a small amount of fluid on a piece of paper to see if it is amniotic fluid
- Microscopic exam of the fluid
American Pregnancy Association http://www.americanpregnancy.org
National Institute of Child Health and Development http://www.nichd.nih.gov
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 80: premature rupture of membranes. Clinical management guidelines for obstetrician-gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109(4):1007-1019. Reaffirmed 2012.
Placental abruption. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 14, 2013. Accessed August 1, 2013.
Premature rupture of membranes: causes, risks, and treatment. Pregnancy Info website. Available at: http://www.pregnancy-info.net/prom.html. Accessed August 1, 2013.
Premature rupture of membranes at term (term PROM). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 5, 2013. Accessed August 1, 2013.
12/29/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Wojcieszek AM, Stock OM, et al. Antibiotics for prelabor rupture of membranes at or near term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Oct 29;10.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 02/05/2015 -